News Update

10/2/2015 - Fine-tuning particles at nanoscale level may improve concrete strength

HOUSTON, Tex.—According to researchers from Rice University, fine-tuning chemicals at a nanoscale level in concrete and other structurally complex materials could be key to improving crack resistance. In a new study, Rouzbeh Shahsavari and Saroosh Jalilvand focused on what happens at the nanoscale level when complex materials like concrete—a random jumble of elements rather than an ordered crystal—rub against each other. The scratches left behind can say a lot about the material's characteristics.

The team is the first to run sophisticated calculations that show how atomic-level forces affect the mechanical properties of a complex particle-based material. Their techniques suggest new ways to fine-tune the chemistry of such materials to make them less prone to cracking and more suitable for specific applications.

The study used calcium-silicate-hydrate (CSH), the glue that binds the small rocks, gravel, and sand in concrete. Though it appears to be a paste before hardening, CSH actually consists of discrete nanoscale particles. The forces that influence the interactions between the CSH and the larger particles are the key to the material's overall strength and fracture properties.

The team tested their theories using computer models. They published their research in the American Chemical Society's journal.

10/1/2015 - EPA honors winners of 20th annual green chemistry challenge

WASHINGTON, D.C.—The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is recognizing landmark green chemistry technologies developed by industrial pioneers and leading scientists that turn climate risk into business opportunities, spurring innovation and economic development. The Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards are presented in five categories: academic, small business, greener synthetic pathways, greener reaction conditions, and designing greener chemicals. Award winners will be honored at a ceremony in Washington, D.C. For a complete list of 2015 awardees, visit

“From academia to business, we congratulate those who bring innovative solutions that will help solve some of the most critical environmental problems,” said Jim Jones, EPA's assistant administrator for chemical safety and pollution prevention. “These innovations reduce the use of energy, chemicals, and water while cutting manufacturing costs and sparking investments. In some cases, they turn pollution into useful products. Ultimately, these manufacturing processes and products are safer for people's health and the environment. We will continue to work with the 2015 winners as their technologies are adopted in the marketplace.”

During the 20 years of the program, EPA has received more than 1,500 nominations and presented awards to 104 technologies. Winning technologies are responsible for annually reducing the use or generation of more than 826 million pounds of hazardous chemicals, saving 21 billion gallons of water and eliminating 7.8 billion pounds of carbon dioxide equivalent releases to air.

9/28/2015 - OSHA releases new HCS memo to address NACD member concerns

WASHINGTON, D.C.—In response to the National Association of Chemical Distributors (NACD) petitions sent to OSHA, the Agency has released Interim Enforcement Guidance to address NACD member concerns. Upon initial review, the memo appears to provide the relief NACD members need. One key point is that no citation will be issued in cases where the manufacturer or importer provides persuasive documentation to show that it made reasonable efforts to obtain the necessary information from upstream suppliers, and attempted to find hazard information from alternative sources to classify the data. Another key point is that manufacturers or importers of hazardous chemicals that have existing stock packaged for shipment prior to June 1, 2015, that are HCS 1994-compliant labeled, may continue to ship those containers downstream. In such instances, there is no requirement to re-label packaged for shipment containers with HCS 2012-compliant labels.

OSHA's release of this memo is a big regulatory victory for NACD members. The discussions members and staff had with OSHA leadership over the past several months made a major impact on OSHA officials and gave them a much better understanding of the chemical industry.

9/25/2015 - Greenkote expands production capacity for powder coating metal blanks

BROOK PARK, Ohio—The Greenkote blank powder coating facility in Louisville, Ky., has announced that it is making new production capacity available. The operation is now accepting a limited number of volume production orders from product manufacturers.

The Louisville facility was specifically designed for powder coating metal blanks. In this special process, flat metal sheets are punched, notched, and cut to the appropriate two-dimensional shape before being sent to Greenkote for powder coating. After coating, the flat parts are returned to the OEM where they are subsequently formed into three-dimensional final-product shapes.

“The Louisville plant was custom-built to be state-of-the-art and is almost totally automated,” said Greenkote CEO Mark Gore. “The degree of computer control in our manufacturing and QC allows us to guarantee Grade-A coating quality on one hundred percent of our output. And it is a thick, highly uniform, very tough coating with excellent scratch and mar resistance.”

Greenkote's eco-friendly blank powder coating can apply a variety of colors and finishes to virtually any flat metal part up to 37 by 80 inches in size. The process is well suited to a spectrum of products that require Grade-A, highly durable finishes, such as appliances, home and industrial HVAC, metal furniture, lighting fixtures, shelving and displays, automotive components, water heaters, signs, architectural elements, and more.

Because the metal sheets remain flat until the very last manufacturing step, Greenkote's blank powder coating can significantly reduce expenses for shipping, handling, and storage — dramatically reducing the warehousing space needed.

Greenkote's 100,000-foot Louisville plant runs 24 hours a day, five days a week, and can coat more than 10,000 products per day. The facility also provides up to 40,000 feet of space that can be used for managing or warehousing of customer materials or for other production activities.

Product manufacturers interested in this high-volume blank coating service should visit Greenkote PLC is one of the industry's most innovative coating technology companies, with significant patents in the area of corrosion protection.

9/23/2015 - Researcher receives award to develop graphene coatings

RAPID CITY, S.D.—A South Dakota researcher will receive $500,000 to develop graphene-based corrosion-resistant coatings for infrastructure. Assistant Professor Venkataramana Gadhamshetty, Ph.D., P.E., from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, has been honored with the National Science Foundation's CAREER award, which will fund the research for the next 5 years.

Gadhamshetty's research features graphene, which is 300 times stronger than steel, 1,000 times more conductive than silicon, and optically transparent. The material has been the focus of intense worldwide materials science research since it was discovered a decade ago.

Graphene is the thinnest known anticorrosion coating. The one-atom-thick material has also shown promise in impermeable, chemically resistant coatings. Gadhamshetty started his research about 2 years ago while collaborating with graphene experts at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in New York.

Microbial corrosion on infrastructure costs the US nearly $1 billion annually, accounting for 20 to 40 percent of the nation's total corrosion costs. However, current commercial protective coatings for metal tend to fail in the aqueous and microbial environments.

9/21/2015 - Axalta expands powder supply capability in Southern California

PHILADELPHIA, Pa.—Axalta Coating Systems, a leading global supplier of liquid and powder coatings, has announced the expansion of its powder supply capabilities in the Southern California region. Axalta's new local delivery service provides daily deliveries expanding as far north as Oxnard and as far south as Fontana. This new service will focus on increasing the powder coating offerings that are available in areas with a higher Axalta customer population.

The new delivery offering is designed to help ensure that customers receive the products they need faster and more effectively. A climate-controlled, 26-foot, refrigerated, Axalta branded truck now services a 50-mile radius consisting of four routes in the Los Angeles, Orange County, and Inland Empire areas. In addition to the delivery service, a new full service public warehouse has been established in Commerce, Calif., that includes added storage, order processing, and inventory control services.

9/17/2015 - IHEA expands membership categories

TAYLOR MILL, Ky.—The Industrial Heating Equipment Association's (IHEA's) Board of Directors has approved two new membership categories for those involved in the industrial process heating industry: Corporate End Users and Consultants. With the addition of these categories, IHEA now offers a wide range of benefits and services for everyone involved in thermal process technologies.

According to Anne Goyer, IHEA executive vice president, “The board was looking for ways to further involve those who use industrial heating equipment to work alongside the suppliers that manufacture the equipment. Input from end users will allow us to create better educational programs, enhance our authoritative voice with government regulatory agencies, and ensure that the end user needs are being considered when we work on standards revisions.”

IHEA Corporate End User membership is open to any corporation actively engaged in the end use of industrial thermal process technologies. The Consultant membership is open to a consultant who is a sole proprietor or a single employee LLC. For more details and to join online, visit

9/15/2015 - MagicRack launches new website

COLUMBUS, Ohio—Production Plus Corp., makers of MagicRack, has launched its all-new, completely redesigned website at the familiar address of Visit the website to view the broad range of industrial solutions offered by the company's MagicRack and Fabrication divisions. Standard products are also available for purchase online. Production Plus is a dynamic, full-service manufacturing company.

9/14/2015 - Drew Industries acquires EA Technologies

ELKHART, Ind.—Drew Industries Inc., a leading supplier of components for recreational vehicles and manufactured homes, has announced that its wholly owned subsidiary, Lippert Components Inc., has acquired the business and certain assets of EA Technologies, Elkhart, Ind., a manufacturer of custom steel and aluminum parts and a provider of electrodeposition and powder coating services for RV, bus, medium-duty truck, automotive, recreational marine, specialty and utility trailer, and military applications. EA Technologies' e-coat process is ISO 9000 certified. Sales of the acquired business for 2014 were approximately $17 million. The purchase price was $9.4 million.

9/11/2015 - Construction industry to fill 225,000 jobs

ARLINGTON, Va.—Construction firms from Los Angeles to London will be posting Help Wanted signs by the hundreds of thousands in the years ahead, according to two new job forecasts. New surveys from both the US and the UK show projects on the upswing and expanded hiring at all levels.

A full 80 percent of US firms recently surveyed say they plan to expand their payrolls this year, while UK officials are estimating a quarter-million new construction jobs over the next 5 years. This is according to “Ready to Hire Again: The 2015 Construction Hiring and Business Outlook from the Associated General Contractors of America (AGC) and “Industry Insights from the UK's Construction Skills Network.”

According to the reports, contractors are extremely optimistic about the outlook for 2015. And, if their predictions prove true, industry employment could expand this year by the most in a decade. The 80 percent of US firms with expansion plans this year bests last year's figure of 57 percent. The growth by individual company is likely to be modest, with 90 percent of firms reporting that they will expand by one-quarter or less. Meanwhile, seven percent plan to shrink their head count. Still, the potential gains are dramatic. This is the first time since the AGC Outlook survey began in 2009 that a majority of contractors voiced optimism about market growth in the current year.

Much of the growth in 2015 will come from the private sector, particularly in the retail/warehouse/lodging segment. Contractors also expressed optimism about growing demand for manufacturing, private office, and energy construction. Prospects for public-sector construction drew a mixed response. Projects that do not require federal funding hold the most potential, especially water and sewer construction. Highway and higher-education construction may also grow. On the other hand, contractors say they are not banking on direct federal construction projects or federally funded marine projects.

Potential growth areas vary by region, with contractors in the Northeast most optimistic about the 2015 outlook for highway construction, those in the South keeping an eye on other transportation and hospitals, the West focusing on water and sewer construction and education, the Northeast banking on power, and the Midwest expecting gains from retail, lodging, and manufacturing. Energy construction should be strong nationwide, and strongest in the Northeast.

9/9/2015 - Coventya celebrates 10 year anniversary

ORISKANY, N.Y.—Coventya Inc. is celebrating 10 years of supplying specialty chemicals to the US surface finishing industry. The company operates from two US facilities — manufacturing and general metal finishing R&D in Cleveland, Ohio, and a Technology Center for functional coatings in Oriskany, N.Y. Coventya is a multinational specialty chemical company with facilities in 14 countries and a presence in 50 more.

Since 2004, Coventya has invested significant resources to support its growing US business. The total number of employees has more than doubled, several new labs have been built, and a scanning electron microscope was purchased. One of the strong points about the Coventya group is its ability to recognize the need for change, especially when it relates to growing the business on a global level.

9/8/2015 - Col-Met breaks ground on new facility

ROCKWALL, Tex.—Col-Met Engineered Finishing Solutions has broken ground on its new facility being built in Rockwall, Tex. The expanded facility will allow the company to achieve its aggressive growth strategy for the long term. Scheduled for completion at the end of 2015, the new 150,000-square-foot building will have the capability to grow over 200,000 square feet and will include the office space needed to support expanded business, state of the art manufacturing space, and training room designed for distributor training that will hold over 50 people. This is another step in Col-Met's strategy to transform their organization to bring new innovative products and services to its distribution partners and to the industry.

9/4/2015 - Coatings maker accepts EPA waste fine

WASHINGTON, D.C.—An industrial coatings manufacturer will pay a $20,240 fine to settle federal claims that it violated federal hazardous waste regulations at its plant in Elverson, Pa. The US Environmental Protection Agency announced that it had reached a settlement with Whitford Corp., which bills itself as a maker of the world's largest, most complete line of fluoropolymer coatings.

The company produces coatings for the oil and gas, water and wastewater, automotive, and other industries. Whitford also owns Alpha Coatings, HP Polymers Ltd., Polymeric Systems (PSI), and Whitford Flexible Composites. Under the terms of the settlement, the paint maker admits no wrongdoing.

EPA cited Whitford for violating the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the federal law governing the treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste. The citations followed an inspection of the plant. Inspectors reported several RCRA violations related to improper storage of solvents, paint waste and other hazardous waste.

The settlement fine reflects the company's compliance efforts and its cooperation with EPA in the resolution of this matter, according to the agency. Whitford has certified its compliance with RCRA as part of the settlement.

9/3/2015 - Acquisition expands Graco blast unit

MINNEAPOLIS, Minn.—One year after jumping into the abrasive-blasting equipment field, Graco Inc. has strengthened its stake with a second acquisition. The spray-equipment manufacturer has announced that it has acquired GeoBlaster Equipment Service and Sales Inc., Dunnville, Ont. GeoBlaster manufactures wet abrasive blasting equipment for coating removal and surface preparation in industrial, marine, construction, restoration, graffiti, and automotive applications. Terms of the sale were not disclosed.

9/2/2015 - OSHA cites DuPont company for failing to protect workers

DEEPWATER, N.J.—Hazardous chemicals known to cause severe burns and respiratory and reproductive health issues leaked out of a tanker truck in May 2014, which exposed workers at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co.—Chamber Works, to health risks. A complaint filed with the US Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) prompted an inspection of the company under the agency's National Emphasis Program on Chemical Process Safety.

The investigation found 11 safety and health violations, with proposed penalties totaling $120,300. OSHA is now investigating a DuPont facility in La Porte, Tex., following a recent chemical leak that killed four workers.

OSHA inspectors cited the company for eight serious violations under the process safety management standard. A serious violation occurs when there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard about which the employer knew or should have known.

In addition to the serious violations, the company failed to perform an analysis addressing hazards related to the storage and transport of chemicals. DuPont also did not perform inspections and tests on the equipment used in chemical processes, resulting in two repeat violations. The company was previously cited for these same violations at other facilities in 2010 and 2011. One other-than-serious violation was cited because the company failed to address issues relating to hazards promptly.

DuPont Chamber Works has 15 business days from receipt of its citations and proposed penalties to comply, meet informally with OSHA's area director, or contest the findings before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.

9/1/2015 - Revamp underway for coating standard

WASHINGTON, D.C.—Fire-resistant coatings, concrete and masonry sealers, and other high-performance product categories are expected to join the next generation of Green Seal's paint and coatings standard, which is now in development.

The third-party product certifier plans to overhaul its standards for paints, coatings, stains, and sealers. The proposal would both reorganize and enlarge Green Seal's current standard by combining two current standards—GS11 and GS47—into one standard, entitled “GS11, Green Seal Standard for Paints, Coatings, Stains and Sealers.”

The organization is also seeking to add new product categories to the standard's scope, including transparent wall coatings, floor coatings, and concrete/masonry sealers. However, antigraffiti coatings and products containing nanoparticles will be explicitly excluded from the scope and therefore not certifiable under the standard.

8/31/2015 - Courses: October 2015

October 13: Practical Course on Viscosity Measurements. Phoenix, Ariz. Also offered October 15 in Houston, Tex., and October 22 in Middleboro, Mass. Offered by Brookfield Engineering Laboratories. Contact Brookfield at 800/628-8139; fax 508/946-6262;

8/28/2015 - MetoKote opens new facility

LIMA, Ohio—MetoKote Corp., the world's largest applicator of protective coatings, recently opened a new facility in Mebane, N.C. The facility allows the company to collaborate with its customer, GKN Driveline, Roxboro, N.C., a leading supplier of automotive driveline components and systems, on the coating of steel drive shafts. More than 30 employees are already employed at the facility, with expected growth of up to 50 employees when at full capacity. The plant has adequate room for expansion.

8/27/2015 - NEI launches new protective clear coat

SOMERSET, N.J.—NEI Corp. has launched SR 500EC, a new protective clear coat and surface treatment for plastics, metals, glass, ceramics, and other surfaces. Applications include parts, outdoor structures, equipment, turbines, and electrical grid parts needing insulation.

The transparent coating is designed to protect in aqueous environments. Its high hydrophbicity and water repellency are designed to create easy-to-clean surfaces. The coating resists scratching and chipping; strongly adheres to metal, glass, and ceramic surfaces; and is soil resistant. The single-component product can be applied by dip, spray, or brush, and cures at room temperature.

8/26/2015 - Coating boasts a power plant boost

CAMBRIDGE, Mass.—A new nanoengineered coating for power plants has the potential to save millions of dollars in fuel and avert thousands of tons of carbon dioxide emissions, its developers at MIT say.

Two thousand times thinner than a sheet of paper, the coating causes water droplets to bead up and roll off, self-shedding the blanket of steam that normally envelops (and slows down) condensers.

The coating is so thin that it doesn't block condensation, but is strong enough to survive years of steam exposure. For years, researchers have searched for a way to make steamcondenser surfaces hydrophobic, but most materials have limited durability and would start to degrade within minutes of exposure to the hot steam. The team says the new technology can save 0.58 gigatons of carbon dioxide emissions—more than solar or wind power—through improved efficiency.

The research has snowballed into a startup called DropWise, which is developing a grafted hydrophobic coating that prevents water from building up on pipes when applied to condenser surfaces in power plants. The new coating is currently in the development stage, and the company is working on scaling up the process to apply the coating at a large scale.

8/25/2015 - Hempel acquires coatings maker

CONROE, Tex.—Hempel has acquired Schaepman's Lakfabrieken B.V. (Schaepman Coatings), a Dutch maker of industrial, protective, and decorative coatings. The acquisition is part of Hempel's five-year growth strategy and advances its goal of becoming a top 10 global coating supplier by the end of 2015. Schaepman will gain access to Hempel's products and global support in the acquisition, while Hempel's global presence will expand the potential market for Schaepman's products. By mutual agreement, terms of the sale were undisclosed.

8/24/2015 - Bill Wiggins receives lifetime achievement award

BURBANK, Calif.—The Metal Finishing Associations of Southern California (MFASC) and Northern California (MFANC), chapters of the National Association for Surface Finishers (NASF), have honored Bill Wiggins with the coveted Lifetime Achievement Award. Wiggins is a former Burbank Mayor and owner of Glendale-based Automation Plating Corp.

A respected leader throughout the surface finishing industry, the award commemorates Wiggins' generous service, valuable assistance, and outstanding contributions to the status and advancement of the surface and metal finishing industries. Wiggins actively served as an MFASC board member for 40 years in addition to taking a leadership role at the national level for NASF.

8/21/2015 - SSPC updates two standards

PITTSBURGH, Pa.—SSPC committees have announced updates to two standards — SP 1 for surface preparation and Paint 39 for polyurea topcoats. The standards can be downloaded from SSPC at

SSPC-SP 1, “Solvent Cleaning,” is used to specify removal of visible deposits of oil, grease, and other soluble contaminants from metal surfaces before employing additional mechanical means of surface preparation. All of SSPC's surface-preparation standards require solvent cleaning to SP 1 before performing additional cleaning required by the project specification.

Revisions to SP 1 include: expansion of the scope to metallic substrates; new definitions of visible and solvent; clarification that heavy deposits of oil, grease, and other contaminants are best removed by scraping before solvent cleaning; deletion of the inspection section; and addition of nonmandatory notes with description of additional verification methods that may be specified to confirm higher levels of contaminant removal than SP 1 requires.

SSPC Paint 39, “Two-Component, Weatherable Aliphatic Polyurea Topcoat, Fast or Moderate Drying, Performance-Based,” can be used to establish minimum performance requirements for a thin-film aliphatic polyurea topcoat that can be used over compatible corrosion-prevention primers or intermediate coats to protect from ultraviolet light.

Because Paint 39 is a topcoat standard, performance requirements focus on color and gloss retention and physical film properties. Revisions to Paint 39 include: addition of a third level of natural weathering requirements, and reorganization of the standard to parallel other standards recently revised by the Polyurethane Coatings Committee.

8/20/2015 - AGA launches updated online cost calculator

CENTENNIAL, Colo.—The cost of corrosion protective coatings is always a concern when specifying steel exposed to the atmosphere. Economics is also one of the key tenets within sustainability. With that in mind, the American Galvanizers Association (AGA) has announced the relaunch of its online LifeCycle Cost Calculator (LCCC) at

The LCCC automates the calculation from ASTM A1068 Standard Practice for LifeCycle Cost Analysis of Corrosion Protection Systems on Iron and Steel Products using cost data from a survey of paint manufacturers from the KTA-Tator paper published at NACE in 2014 entitled “Expected Service Life and Cost Considerations for Maintenance and New Construction Protective Coating Work.” The galvanizing cost data is derived from a 2014 AGA Industry Survey. The LCCC update includes all of the new 2014 cost data, a new design template, and more user-friendly functionality.

The LCCC was originally launched in 2007 with an update in 2010 to include the option to evaluate duplex systems (hot-dip galvanizing and paint). The LCCC allows specifiers to compare either the initial and lifecycle costs of hot-dip galvanizing or a duplex system to various other corrosion protection coatings. The user inputs three simple forms of data about a particular project including size, service life expectancy, exposure atmosphere, inflation, and interest, and the calculator will run the ASTM A1068 equation and return the results in a customizable, printable format.

8/18/2015 - Registration now open for online radiation curing program

SYRACUSE, N.Y.—RadTech has partnered with the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNYESF) to create online learning courses through the Radiation Curing Program (RCP). Registration is now open for the program, which offers both short courses and advanced courses.

The two professional development short courses are: Principles of Energy Curing Technologies and Basics of UV Curable 3D Printing. The three advanced online courses are: Introduction to Polymer Coatings, Radiation Curing of Polymer Technologies, and Radiation Curing Equipment, Instrumentation, and Safety.

The courses are all self-paced and online, so they can be taken whenever time allows, provided the course is completed within the specified time period. This offers students the ability to quickly and easily pick up where they left off and go to specific sections for review.

RCP offers the flexibility to accommodate your schedule, with additional advanced graduate-level courses that further explore UV/EB curing principles and applications. Plus, you can earn a Graduate Certificate in Radiation Curing from SUNY. For more info, visit or email

8/13/2015 - ACA introduces hazard labels

WASHINGTON, D.C.—The American Coatings Association (ACA) has introduced a variety of materials to help employers comply with new federal hazmat communications requirements. The resources include new Hazardous Materials Identification System (HMIS) labels that are designed to communicate in-plant hazard information and comply with the revised Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) workplace labeling requirement.

Even though the revised HCS requires compliant GHS-based labeling on shipped containers, standard HMIS labels can still be used as part of a comprehensive workplace hazard communication and training program. The HMIS system uses colors, numbers, letters, and symbols of types of personal protective equipment to clarify risks for workers. The labels are being sold through ACA licensees LabelMaster and J.J. Keller and Associates Inc.

8/12/2015 - EPA deems coal ash nonhazardous

WASHINGTON, D.C.—Four and a half years after it was proposed and one year after a federal judge demanded a decision, a rule to determine the disposal fate of coal waste has finally been published. In a decision widely viewed as a victory for the coal industry, the US Environmental Protection Agency has unveiled a final rule that classifies coal combustion residuals (CCRs) as solid—not hazardous—waste.

Furthermore, millions of tons of coal ash that are beneficially reused in concrete, wallboard, and other products will continue indefinitely to be exempt from regulation. But coal disposal impoundments and landfills are in for some changes and increased oversight.

Those highlights mark the EPA's long-awaited 745-page prepublication version of Disposal of Coal Combustion Residuals from Electric Utilities Final Rule, released in December at the tail end of a court-ordered deadline set a year ago. The final rule was published on April 17, 2015, and takes effect 6 months after publication in the Federal Register.

Coal ash includes fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and flue gas desulfurization material. Coal ash is the second-largest source of industrial waste, after mining waste, in the US. The rule establishes the first national regulations for the safe disposal of coal ash from power plants. The high-stakes decision carries significant implications for the coatings, construction, and abrasive blasting industries, where CCRs are widely used.

The final rule establishes a comprehensive set of requirements for the disposal of CCRs under the solid-waste provisions (Subtitle D) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). While the rule sets standards for impoundments and landfills and will likely close some facilities that do not meet those standards, the EPA maintained its historical view that the 110 million tons of coal waste generated in the US each year by more than 470 power plants are not hazardous.

The EPA's new regulations are designed to prevent another catastrophic failure such as the one that triggered the regulatory review: the December 2008 spill at the Tennessee Valley Authority Kingston Fossil Plant, which dumped 5.4 million cubic yards of coal fly ash slurry across more than 300 acres of land and river. The cleanup from that disaster is still not complete.

The new rule establishes requirements for new and existing CCR landfills and surface impoundments, including lateral expansion of any unit. More information is available at

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