News Update

11/30/2016 - PCI's technical conference heads to Indianapolis next March

TAYLOR MILL, Ky.—The Powder Coating Institute (PCI) has announced that the PCI POWDER COATING 2017 Technical Conference will be held March 27-31, 2017, at the JW Marriott in downtown Indianapolis, Ind. Representatives from manufacturing OEMs and custom coaters who apply powder coating and other industrial finishes will be attending this event.

The event will kick off on Monday and Tuesday with PCI's Powder Coating 101: Basic Essentials Hands-On Workshop. The workshop includes a comprehensive agenda that covers all the basics of powder coating operations and concludes with hands-on training demonstrations at an area powder coating manufacturer's facility.

The conference will be held on Wednesday and Thursday, complete with general sessions each morning followed by concurrent technical sessions. The conference will also include tabletop displays featuring powder coating manufacturers, powder coating application equipment, system houses, chemical suppliers, and the various services that support the powder coating industry.

The week will conclude with the Custom Coater Forum. This day-and-a-half forum provides custom coaters with valuable information they can use to improve their business through a series of great presentations and networking with others in the industry.


11/28/2016 - SSPC issues two revised standards

PITTSBURGH, Pa.—SSPC: The Society for Protective Coatings has announced new revisions to two of its standards: SSPC-PA 2, Procedure for Determining Conformance to Dry Coating Thickness Requirements, and the joint standard SSPC-CS23.00/AWS C2.23M/NACE No. 12, Specification for the Application of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallizing) of Aluminum, Zinc, and Their Alloys and Composites for the Corrosion Protection of Steel. All standards are available in the SSPC Marketplace at www.sspc.org.

SSPC-PA 2 is a tool for property owners and specifiers to use in specifying dry coating thickness, and for contractors and inspectors to use in determining compliance with specifications. The most recent revision of SSPCPA2 was released in January 2015. These new revisions are editorial in nature, such as updated units of measure.

SSPC-CS23.00 is a joint standard issued by SSPC, the American Welding Society (AWS), and NACE International. It is designed for use by facility owners and specifiers, inspectors, and contractors in applications of thermal spray coatings. The standard establishes minimum requirements for surface preparation before thermal spray application, application of thermal spray coatings, and application of sealers or topcoats over thermal spray coatings. The 2016 revision of this standard includes a reorganization of the previous 2003 version, as well as a revision of requirements. New appendices also describe optional procedures for verifying adhesion and thermal spray coating thickness. Appendices that described or applied to procurement and contract requirements were removed.


11/23/2016 - Axalta products share the stage at the Olympics

PHILADELPHIA, Pa.—The flames have been extinguished on the Olympic and Paralympic torches, but the coating on them remains vibrant. Axalta Coating Systems, a leading global supplier of liquid and powder coatings, manufactures the Alesta AP Polyester Architectural coating that was applied to this year's Olympic and Paralympic torches by Pinturas Boronat S.L., Barcelona, Spain.

The torches are made with recycled aluminum that was coated using Alesta AE30109207221 white pearl powder. This coating selection provided the performance and film properties needed to protect the 27-inch-high torches against environmental elements such as humidity, abrasion, weathering, and the famous Olympic flame. This year's flame was designed to be able to withstand gusts of wind up to 75 miles per hour. When lit, the torches extended an additional 28 inches and displayed the colors of the Brazilian flag. Wavy lines were incorporated into the torch design to represent the earth, the sea, and the mountains. In addition to coating the torches, Axalta's Alesta EP Silver Delight II powder coating was used to coat 19,620 units of metal beds for the Rio Olympics Village.


11/22/2016 - PCI launches new video series

TAYLOR MILL, Ky.—The Powder Coating Institute (PCI) has introduced a new video entitled “Powder Coating, A Better Kind of Paint.” This is the first in a series of videos focused on expanding awareness about the benefits of powder coating. Additional videos are planned for release over the next year, with each one focused on increasing awareness and inspiring consumers to purchase products that have a powder coated finish, as well as encouraging OEMs to consider the strong value gained by producing their products with a powder coated finish.


11/21/2016 - Diamond Vogel celebrates 90 years

ORANGE CITY, Iowa—Diamond Vogel Paint, a third-generation coatings manufacturer, is celebrating nine decades of service this year. The paint firm began operations 90 years ago when Andrew Vogel opened Vogel Paint and Wax in northwest Iowa. His sons, Frank and Marv, carried on the family business after World War II. In 2001, the third generation of Vogels—Drew, Doug, and Mark—took over. Diamond Vogel provides coating products to the architectural, heavy-duty protective, industrial, traffic, and powder coating markets.


11/15/2016 - Dynavac announces partnership with Winona PVD Coatings

HINGHAM, Mass.—Dynavac, a leader in the manufacturer of thin film deposition systems, has entered into an exclusive supply agreement with Winona PVD Coatings, Warsaw, Ind., to produce Inline Production Systems that support growing demand for its GChrome deposition process. This partnership reflects a trend in the automotive industry to produce a high-end chrome wheel finish using a less costly and more environmentally responsible alternative to traditional chrome plating and cladding.

Spanning over 50 feet long, Dynavac's high-throughput system provides a completely automated, continuous manufacturing process that produces wheels in record time. The system's modular design incorporates multiple process stations, proprietary high-duty chamber isolation valves, and an integrated wheel handling system. Its custom-designed automation system provides precision control of the entire process from start to finish.


11/14/2016 - Hexion releases line of durable powder coating resins

COLUMBUS, Ohio—Hexion Inc. has announced that its line of durable powder coating resins, including low-temperature cure options, are now available in North America. Through new and enhanced distribution channels, the company is now supplying its Albester brand of durable and super-durable polyester resins, as well as its Albecor LTC brand of low temperature cure, carboxyl-terminated polyester resins to the US and Canada. Hexion specializes in thermoset resins.


11/11/2016 - Valmont Coatings wins seven galvanizing awards

OMAHA, Nebr.—Valmont Industries Inc., a global leader in designing and manufacturing highly engineered products that support infrastructure development and agricultural productivity, has announced that its Global Coatings Segment has won an unprecedented seven “Excellence in Hot-Dip Galvanizing” awards. The awards are presented by the American Galvanizing Association (AGA).

Competition for the 15 awards included 129 impressive projects from galvanizers around the world, submitted to an independent panel of architects and engineers for consideration. Valmont Coatings is an industry leader in providing services that protect against corrosion, improve appearance, and lengthen the service lives of steel and other metal products.


11/9/2016 - Chemical firm integrates coatings center

CINCINNATI, Ohio—An international business strategy firm specializing in specialty chemicals has announced the launch of a new facility to support the technology and production needs of clients in markets such as paints, coatings, adhesives, and sealants. The ChemQuest Group Inc., based in Cincinnati, reached an agreement on terms with the Industrial Development Authority of Halifax County, Va., that enables the firm to incorporate the National Center for Coatings, Application, Research, & Education (CCARE) into the newly formed ChemQuest Technology Institute.

ChemQuest anticipates the integration of a physical site will strengthen the 40-year-old company's Technology and Development services. Per the terms of the agreement, ChemQuest is now managing the assets and expanding the capabilities of CCARE. CCARE is a 12,000-square-foot (and growing) cutting-edge facility designed to provide coatings suppliers the ability to test their products in a controlled environment that replicates a range of production conditions.

All of the existing laboratory capabilities and technologies, which were primarily designed for coatings applications, will remain, but ChemQuest plans to expand functionalities throughout the second half of 2016. As part of the agreement, formulary and analytical laboratories will be added, and services expanded, to support specialty chemicals clients.


11/7/2016 - R&B Contractors faces $117K in OSHA fines

CINCINNATI, Ohio—The life of a 53-year-old roofer who died after dropping 40 feet to the ground could have been saved if his employer had provided proper fall protection, OSHA has found. OSHA cited R&B Contractors LLC of Shandon, Ohio, for 1 willful, 11 serious, and 3 other-than-serious safety citations after the agency's investigation into the man's death at a commercial building site in Cincinnati. R&B Contractors has 15 business days from receipt of its citations and penalties to comply, request an informal conference with an area director, or contest the findings.

OSHA investigators found the worker was installing a new commercial roof when he fell. No guardrails, safety nets, or personal fall prevention devices were in place at the time. In addition, OSHA determined that R&B failed to train workers about fall hazards, develop a safety and health program, designate a safety monitor, train powered industrial vehicle operators, and record injuries and illnesses. R&B faces proposed penalties of $116,900.


11/4/2016 - Carbodeon releases new additive for fluoropolymer coatings

VANTAA, Finland—Nanomaterials manufacturer Carbodeon has announced the release of a new additive for fluoropolymer coatings. Based on its uDiamond NanoDiamond technology, the additive targets solvent-based coatings used in automotive, aerospace, and industrial businesses. It also can be used in food manufacturing and consumer product applications. The additive doubles the wear resistance of standard fluoropolymer coatings without making them abrasive, and it also purportedly maintains or improves the existing low friction properties. It is intended to work at very low concentrations, reducing costs and making it practical for use in more markets.


11/3/2016 - APE acquires Corrosion Specialties

DEER PARK, Tex.—APE Companies is expanding its reach and capabilities through the acquisition of Corrosion Specialties Inc., Duluth, Ga., a corrosion control equipment and consumable products provider that serves the transportation, manufacturing, and energy industries. APE Companies, formerly Abrasive Products & Equipment, is a distributor of surface preparation, safety, and environmental management products. Financial terms of the transaction were not disclosed.


11/2/2016 - Fresh Coat Painters opens in Mount Juliet

MOUNT JULIET, Tenn.—Andrew and Brenda Thomas have opened Fresh Coat Painters of Mount Juliet. Fresh Coat offers residential and commercial painting services, including interior and exterior painting, wood staining and finishing, and other services for nearly every protective coating application. The company uses quality, environmentally safe materials and offers a 24/7 customer service center, online scheduling, in-home color design consultations, and detailed quotes. Fresh Coat is committed to quality products and services, and the company offers a 333 customer service pledge—calls will be answered by a live person within 3 minutes, a quote will be delivered within 3 days (customer schedule permitting), and the job will be started within 3 weeks.


10/31/2016 - PCC Structurals faces $104K in OSHA penalties

HARTFORD, Conn.—Inspections by OSHA have found that employees at a Connecticut steel foundry lacked protective equipment and were exposed to electrical, chemical, mechanical, and fire hazards. The company, PCC Structurals in Groton, Conn., faces $104,000 in penalties. The company has 15 business days from receipt of its citations and proposed penalties to comply, meet with OSHA's area director, or contest the findings.

Among the hazards identified during OSHA's inspections are a lack of hand, face, and body production for employees working on or near electrical equipment; exposed live electrical parts; misused electrical equipment and power cords; unguarded points of operation of hydraulic presses; and more.

As a result of these conditions, OSHA cited the company for 20 serious violations of workplace safety and health standards with proposed penalties of $90,000. OSHA earlier cited the facility for two serious violations concerning inadequate fall protection equipment and an unprotected table saw. Fines of $14,000 were proposed for those violations.


10/28/2016 - Drying paint reveals an exciting discovery

SURREY, England—While most people would describe watching paint dry as a boring endeavor, a team of scientists expects to put it to use in improving the performance of a wide variety of everyday goods, from paint to sunscreen. Researchers at the University of Surrey in England, collaborating with the Universite Claude Bernard in Lyon, France, report that they have identified a new physical mechanism that separates particles by size during the drying of wet coatings. While it doesn't sound groundbreaking, it could make a huge impact in a variety of industries from beauty to agriculture.

When coatings such as paint, ink, or even the outer layers of tablets are made, a liquid containing solid particles is spread onto a surface and then evaporates. Their research has shown that during evaporation, the small particles push away the larger ones, remaining at the top surface, while the larger are pushed to the bottom. This new discovery indicates it is possible to design coatings with layers that have different functions.

The scale is microscopic, but researchers are confident their work can be used across multiple platforms. The team is trying to control the width of the layers by changing the amount of small particles in the coatings. Possible applications for the new mechanism include products such as paints, inks, and adhesives. The research is funded by the European Union project BARRIERPLUS, which focuses on the reduction of volatile organic compounds in paints.


10/27/2016 - Reshoring Initiative develops social responsibility estimator tool

KILDEER, Ill.—The Reshoring Initiative is developing a Corporate Social Responsibility Estimator (CSRE) as an extension of its Total Cost of Ownership Estimator (TCOE). CSRE will measure corporate sourcing decisions' impact on the domestic economy and on the world environment. Using TCOE and CSRE together, companies can identify the work for which reshoring will benefit the world, the country, and the company.

CSRE will be an engine for including social responsibility in corporate sourcing and siting decisions. It will focus on quantifying the societal impacts of sourcing decisions in two key areas: the environment and the domestic economy. The goal of the CSRE Project is to improve the sustainability of the US economy and to reduce corporate supply chain footprints on the world environment.

The Reshoring Initiative has a long-standing commitment to helping bring good, well-paying manufacturing jobs back to the US by assisting companies to more accurately assess their total cost of offshoring.


10/26/2016 - Jetstream releases new rotary nozzle for surface cleaning

HOUSTON, Tex.—Industrial high-pressure waterblasting equipment manufacturer Jetstream of Houston LLP has released a new rotary nozzle for surface cleaning operations. The Jetstream OrbiJet X22 rotary nozzle is self-rotating and rated for pressures up to 22,000 psi. The nozzle is able to provide an extremely wide cleaning path because of the compound angles of its four jets. The nozzle's lightweight shroud is designed for safer water displacement and to protect the nozzle from damage during operation. A magnetic braking system controls rotational speed for minimal wear and maximum impact without streaking.


10/24/2016 - Whistleblower investigation process clarified in updated manual

WASHINGTON, D.C.—OSHA has updated its Whistleblower Investigation Manual to help employers, workers, and their representatives understand the investigative process and how to request documents from OSHA during and after an investigation. The new material affirms that the standard for all whistleblower investigations is whether there is “reasonable cause to believe” that a violation occurred. The manual also provides guidance on disclosure requests under the Freedom of Information Act and the Privacy Act.

OSHA enforces the whistleblower protection provisions of the OSH Act and 21 other statutes protecting workers who report violations of laws in various industries. In fiscal year 2015, OSHA helped award more than $25 million to whistleblowers across the country, a reminder to employers that workers have a right to speak up, without fear of retaliation, when they believe that their safety and health is at risk.


10/20/2016 - Jotun introduces mesh-free fire protection coating

BELLE CHASSE, La.—Global paints and coatings manufacturer Jotun has announced the release of its new mesh-free epoxy passive fire protection coating for the hydrocarbon processing and energy industries. Jotachar 1709 was designed to protect steel against hydrocarbon pool fire scenarios for up to 4 hours, as defined within the ANSI/UL1709 Standard. It also offers long-term corrosion protection, reduced life cycle costs, and the elimination of any risk associated with mesh installation errors.


10/19/2016 - Swiss scientists develop new versatile polymer coating

ZURICH, Switzerland—Scientists at a Swiss university have developed a polymer coating they say is so versatile it can be compared to the iconic Swiss army knife, with future applications cutting into the wastewater and shipping industries. The new polymer for coating materials was designed by a research team at ETH Zurich and a spinoff partner in order to prevent biofilms from forming on their surface. However, as a result of the technological platform the researchers developed, they also say it is now possible to durably coat a variety of different materials using the same polymeric molecule.

The university partnered with spinoff-company Susos, which specializes in the fields of surface modification and characterization. Their work was published in a paper titled “Imparting Nonfouling Properties to Chemically Distinct Surfaces with a Single Adsorbing Polymer: A Multimodal Binding Approach” in “Macromolecular Rapid Communications.” Susos has submitted a patent application for the polymer.

In their work, the scientists considered existing coatings and their resistance, or lack thereof, to environmental factors, since they are often connected to the material by only a weak electrostatic bond. Other more resistant coatings are expensive to use and sometimes require toxic solvents. With those factors in mind, the scientists set out to find a simple solution for binding coating molecules to surfaces with a strong chemical bond, known as a covalent bond. They also wanted a solution that could coat a variety of surfaces and devices made from a range of different materials.

They accomplished this by developing a molecule with a long backbone from which hydrophilic side chains branch out and impart the nonfouling properties. The polymer also features two types of side chains for covalent bonding to metals, one for binding to silicon and glass, the other for binding to oxides of transition metals such as titanium and iron.


10/18/2016 - Camfil APC releases new dust collector filter

JONESBORO, Ark.—Air filtration product manufacturer Camfil APC has announced the release of a new dust collector filter. The HemiPleat FR Carbon dust collector filter is the first to combine flame retardant and conductive properties in a single filter that also offers high efficiency, long service life, and energy-efficient performance.

The special carbon-impregnated filtration media is designed for dust-handling applications that require flame resistance as well as dissipation of static charges. Such applications may include many metal dusts, fumed silica dust, pharmaceutical dusts, carbon black/toner dusts, and plastic, PVC, or composite dusts. The filters are particularly suited to explosive dust applications, making it possible to conform to NFPA and ATEX requirements and lessen the risk of ignition sources due to static electricity charges.


10/14/2016 - Behr Iron & Steel pleads guilty to OSHA violation

ROCKFORD, Ill.—Behr Iron & Steel Inc., a high-volume ferrous and nonferrous scrap processor, has pled guilty to willfully violating Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations, resulting in the death of an employee at the company's facility in South Beloit, Ill.

Behr's South Beloit facility recycles metals contained in such things as automobiles and refrigerators. On March 10, 2014, an employee was cleaning the discharge pit when the employee's arm was caught by the unguarded conveyor belt. The employee was pulled into the machinery and killed. The company admitted in a plea agreement that it failed to provide lockout/tagout protection and confined space protection as required under OSHA regulations for employees who were cleaning a shredder discharge pit. The company admitted that those violations caused the death of an employee who got caught in a moving, unguarded conveyor belt. It faces a maximum sentence of 5 years' probation, a maximum fine of $500,000, and restitution to the victim employee in an amount determined by the Court.


10/13/2016 - MetoKote relocates performance test lab

LIMA, Ohio—MetoKote Corp. has relocated its Performance Test Laboratory to a larger space within its Lima, Ohio, facility. MetoKote has offered customers the convenience of an in-house American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA) certified laboratory since 1995. The new 1,900-square-foot location provides an improved controlled environment, and offers more space and the ability to perform hundreds of different test methods for customers. MetoKote offers a full range of custom coating services, including e-coating, powder coating, liquid paint, and other custom coatings.


10/12/2016 - SSPC releases new wet abrasive blast standards

PITTSBURGH, Pa.—Five new joint SSPC-NACE wet abrasive blast cleaning standards are now available from SSPC: The Society for Protective Coatings. Wet abrasive blast (WAB) cleaning is primarily specified for suppression of dust in areas that would otherwise be prepared by dry abrasive blast cleaning. Wet surface preparation methods will also reduce the levels of any nonvisible water-soluble contaminants, such as soluble salts, that may be present on the surface and adversely affect coating performance.

Although the definitions of surface cleanliness immediately prior to coating application are the same for both the WAB and dry abrasive blast cleaning standards, the wet abrasive blast cleaning standards eliminate the need for customizing the dry blast cleaning standards to address flash rust levels and other specialized equipment and procedures that must be used with wet cleaning methods.

The newly published joint standards are: SSPC-SP 7 (WAB)/NACE WAB4, Brush-Off Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning; SSPC-SP 14 (WAB)/NACE WAB8, Industrial Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning; SSPC-SP 6 (WAB)/NACE WAB3, Commercial Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning; SSPC-SP 10 (WAB)/NACE WAB2, Near-White Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning; and SSPC-SP 5 (WAB)/NACE WAB1, White Metal Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning. The standards are intended for use by coating or lining specifiers, applicators, inspectors or others whose responsibility is to define a standard degree of surface cleanliness for carbon steel surfaces to be achieved by wet abrasive blast cleaning.

These standards combine elements of the existing standards for dry abrasive blast cleaning with elements of the 2012 SSPC/NACE waterjet cleaning standards. The definitions of cleanliness for the steel surface immediately following wet abrasive blast cleaning are identical to the definitions in the five dry abrasive blast cleaning standards. However, because water is used to convey the abrasive onto the surface, a layer of flash rust will form on the cleaned steel as the water evaporates.

Due to the varied tolerance of coatings for the presence of flash rust on the surface, contractors must know the maximum permissible level of flash rust that may be present on the steel immediately prior to the application of the protective coating, as well as how to assess how much flash rust has developed. The WAB cleaning standards define four levels of flash rust: no flash rust, light flash rust, medium flash rust, and heavy flash rust. These definitions are based on the extent to which the flash rust obscures the underlying steel substrate, the ease with which it can be removed by wiping with a cloth, and the amount of material that appears on the cloth after the surface is wiped


10/11/2016 - Dow settles class action suit

MIDLAND, Mich.—The Dow Chemical Co. has announced that it is settling the 11-year-old, $1.06 billion urethanes price-fixing lawsuit it has contested since a federal jury awarded damages in February 2013. Sources are indicating that the death of Justice Antonin Scalia figured heavily in the company's decision.

“Growing political uncertainties due to recent events within the Supreme Court and increased likelihood for unfavorable outcomes for business involved in class action suits have changed Dow's risk assessment of the situation,” the company stated. “Dow believes this settlement is the right decision for the company and our shareholders.” In the settlement agreement, Dow has agreed to pay the plaintiff class $835 million to resolve the $1.06 billion judgment. This amount includes post-judgment interest and an anticipated award of attorney's fees. This settlement agreement is conditional upon approval of the Courts.

The federal lawsuit, which dates back to 2005, alleged that Dow and its competitors (BASF SE, Bayer AG, Huntsman International LLC, and Lyondell Chemical Co.) began fixing prices for urethane by 1999, in violation of federal law. The conspiracy was said to have lasted into 2003. Dow was the only remaining defendant; all of the other companies had settled out of court long ago, in agreements that topped $100 million in all. Dow continues to strongly believe it was not part of any conspiracy and the judgment was fundamentally flawed as a matter of class action law.


10/7/2016 - Associations file suit over silica rule

WASHINGTON, D.C.—A coalition of construction industry associations taking issue with the new OSHA silica rule are taking their concerns to a federal appeals court. Eight groups, including affiliates of the Associated Builders and Contractors Inc., the National Association of Home Builders, and the Associated General Contractors of America, have filed a petition in the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. The organizations argue that the federal agency did not fully address their concerns about the rule's impact on the construction industry.

The “Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica” rule, amending silica exposure regulations for the first time since 1971, was made final March 25. The rule represents the fruition of decades of research and a lengthy stakeholder engagement process, including the consideration of thousands of public comments. In terms of permissible exposure limits, the updated rule reduces the permissible exposure limit for crystalline silica from 250 micrograms per cubic meter of air, averaged over an 8-hour shift, to 50 micrograms. The regulation also has other provisions aimed at protecting workers, such as requirements for exposure assessment, methods of controlling exposure, recordkeeping, hazard communication, respiratory protection, and medical surveillance. The final rule is written as two standards, one for construction and one for general industry and maritime.

The groups worry that rule compliance is beyond the capabilities of current technology. In seeking the court's review, the industry partners say they are deeply committed to providing a safe construction environment; however, they have significant concerns about whether this new rule is technically feasible, given that the agency's final permissible exposure limit is beyond the capacity of existing dust filtration and removal technology.

OSHA estimates that when the final rule becomes fully effective, it will save more than 600 lives annually and prevent more than 900 new cases of silicosis each year. Industry groups previously estimated the rule will cost the industry nearly $5 billion per year, about $4.5 billion per year more than OSHA's estimate. The petition starts what is likely to be a lengthy legal challenge to the measure.


10/5/2016 - IHEA offers third edition of process heating handbook

TAYLOR MILL, Ky.—“Improving Process Heating System Performance: A Sourcebook for Industry, 3rd Edition” is now available for download. This Sourcebook is part of an initiative under the US Department of Energy (DOE) Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) and the Industrial Heating Equipment Association (IHEA) that began more than 10 years ago when the first Sourcebook was published. The ITP and IHEA undertook this project as part of a series of publications on industrial utility systems. Other topics in this series include compressed air systems, pumping systems, fan systems, steam systems, and motors and drives.

The third edition of the Sourcebook describes basic process heating applications and equipment, and outlines opportunities for energy and performance improvements. It also discusses the merits of using a systems approach in identifying and implementing these improvement opportunities. It is not intended to be a comprehensive technical text on improving process heating systems, but serves to raise awareness of potential performance improvement opportunities, provides practical guidelines, and offers suggestions on where to find additional help.

The Sourcebook is available for download at no charge on the IHEA website at www.ihea.org. Simply click on the Publications tab and scroll down to Books.

Print    Close Window